老汉爬山莫名骨折!为何人没摔倒,骨头却先折了看完让人很心酸

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Lao Zhang’s Tongliao in Inner Mongolia, 65 years old this year, don’t look at the old Zhang’s nearly 70 years, and his favorite sports are climbing and climbing stairs. Lao Zhang feels that people need constant upwards. Persevering upward climbing will always be good for the body. of!

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This is not. In mid-May this year, Lao Zhang followed several friends and drove to the northeast. The destination was Tianchi, Changbai Mountain, Jilin. Lao Zhang heard that there were 1,400 steps on the west slope of Changbai Mountain and wanted to “exercise and exercise”. After some boat trips, I finally arrived at the destination. Zhang Zhangran started his journey of climbing the ladder. As a result, unexpected things happened. Lao Zhang only climbed the two steps and broke. /p>

With the help of friends and staff in the tourist area, Lao Zhang successfully entered the hospital. After diagnosis by a doctor, Lao Zhang was suffering from osteoporotic fracture. After a period of treatment by the doctor, Lao Zhang was successfully discharged from the hospital. With their companionship, they are ready to go home to cultivate and no longer climb the mountain.

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Senior citizen sports doctor disease fracture

The prevalence of osteoporosis is greatly increased after the age of 50. It is a common degenerative disease. In addition, osteoporosis may also cooperate with sarcopenia, muscle weakness causes falls, osteoporosis causes fractures, and forms a series of diseases. But in fact, osteoporosis can help the bones reduce the burden by "sports" while allowing the correct posture to slow down bone loss.

30 years old is a watershed

After the age of 30, not only the muscles of the body will be lost at a rate of 1% per year, but the bones will actually be lost. If there is no maintenance, there will be problems of sarcopenia and osteoporosis after the age of 50. According to statistics, the proportion of osteoporosis over 50 years old reaches 12.3%, which usually will be discovered after falling fractures.

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Senior citizen sports doctor disease fracture

xx肌肉损失会导致肌肉力量,平衡能力减弱,使人容易摔倒,骨质疏松症患者最常见的骨折是髋骨(平衡臀部和下肢),脊椎,关节,这些地方都是身体线条动机的根源,所以骨质疏松症患者一定不能忽视“肌肉”的损失,必须尽早加强。

预防性运动

根据国际骨质疏松症基金会的建议,有氧运动是加强骨密度和保持骨骼强度的最有效方法。原因是有氧运动引起的新陈代谢,血液循环,可以帮助骨骼消除老化细胞,并制造。新细胞保持骨骼强度。

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老年人体育医生疾病骨折

另外,重量训练可以提高肌肉的力量,这样当身体承受重量时,它不会将所有重量集中在同一点上,对骨骼造成伤害;瑜伽,太极等拉伸和平衡运动可以帮助肌肉放松和加强。平衡,降低跌倒的风险。

预防性运动过程

每次运动前一定要有热身活动,时间必须是10到15分钟,主要是为了在关节上进行活动和放松,如平安一步,抬腿到位,心率可达到110到每分钟125次;下一个主要运动是占主导地位的肌肉群,持续30到40分钟。

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老年人体育医生疾病骨折

臀肌训练可以在髋关节的主要运动上进行。患者可以平躺在瑜伽垫上,膝盖靠得很近,小腿和大腿都是90度,臀部抬起。重复一组12次后,可以进行髋关节外展。患者的脚直立和肩宽,一只手握住椅子,另一只脚平行于外侧延伸,两只脚轮流。

恢复性运动

在骨折后,虽然应该要给身体休息的时间,但绝对不能长期卧床,这样不但会肌肉流失,在受伤处造成肌肉粘黏,也会引起关节挛缩,可能再也无法恢复到原本的行动力。

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老年人运动医生疾病骨折

如果是髋骨骨折的话,可以先进行抬腿运动,并时常活动踝关节,膝关节,等到骨骼愈合的差不多,则要进行髋关节外展运动,除了左右之外,也可以进行前后外展,将肌肉拉开,避免粘黏。

抬臀运动则是增强后期肌肉量的好方式,减少再次骨折的机会。但骨折后的病患必须注意自己的重心,最好请别人在旁观看,避免姿势不良,跌倒,造成二次骨折。

骨质疏松的运动禁忌

最适合骨质疏松患者保健的运动就是“有氧运动”,上述提到的几种伸展运动及重量运动,则可以视每个人身体状况,参酌加入。

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老年人运动医生疾病骨折

但要注意的是,骨质疏松患者不能进行高冲击性的运动,如篮球,跳绳,武术等,容易伤到骨头,躯干弯曲,旋转的动作也不适合,所以像是高尔夫球,网球,棒球等都尽量避免,免得增加骨折风险。

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